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TEXT ON SCREEN: PIMCO EDUCATION – TITLE – Charitable Giving: Guiding clients in “intentional giving” with John Nersesian (6 minutes)
TEXT ON SCREEN: John Nersesian, Head of Advisor Education
John Nersesian: Hi, I’m John Nersesian, head of advisor education at PIMCO. I know that as financial advisors, much of our energies are focused on helping our clients with their investment activities, but there are great ways for us as financial advisors to add value in other financial matters, including the very important subject of charitable giving.
Now, I know that our clients are actively involved in giving. However, I believe that many clients give unintentionally,
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Charitable giving
IMAGE: A split screen shows two boxes. On the left-hand side, a question reads, “What is unintentional giving?” On the right, unintentional giving is defined as “when investor clients give without consideration of how to optimize their gifts for the receiving organization and for them personally as well.”
without strategy, without acknowledgement of the best ways to make their giving most effective, both for the receiving organization and for them personally as well.
Total giving in 2020 reached an all time high.
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – 2020 total giving
IMAGE: A bulleted list on the left starts with the amount of total giving in 2020, at $471.44 billion. Other bullets note that it’s the largest number on record, and a 5% increase from 2019. Also noted is that $324 billion came individuals, or 69%, and $88 billion came from foundations. On the right, a line graph shows the annual amounts of total giving from 1980 to 2020. The amount increases over most of the period, reaching $471 billion by 2020, its highest level on the chart, and up from about $150 billion in 1980.
According to the Giving USA Foundation, in 2020, over $470 billion was given to charity.
It was the largest number on record, and a 5% increase from the amount that was given in 2019.
There are a number of reasons why clients are more engaged in charitable giving. They feel wealthier, as they’ve seen the values of their real estate and their investment portfolios grow. They recognize that charitable giving remains one of the few itemized deductions that provides a tax benefit at the end of the year.
But maybe there are other motivations as to why clients give money.
They love the idea of supporting causes that they’re close to, maybe those that have affected them personally. They love the idea of sharing their success with other organizations or those who are maybe less fortunate.
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Where did charitable dollars go in 2020?
IMAGE: A horizontal bar chart ranks the percentage of overall contributions received in 2020 by organization type. Religious organizations top the list, having received 28% of total contributions, or $131 billion. Education institutions are second, at 15%, with $71 billion, followed by human service organziations, at 14%, with $65 billion. This list continues as follows: foundations received a 12% share; public society benefits, 10%; health, 9%; international affairs, 5%; arts, culture, and humanities, 4%; environment/animals, 3%; and individuals, 3%. On the far left, the chart shows the year-over-year percentage increases for each category. Public society benefits had the biggest increase, at 16%, followed by individuals, at 13%, and enviroment/animals, at 12%.
Where do these charitable dollars go? Well, there are a variety of recipient organizations, but the top three include the following: religious organizations, educational services, and basic needs and human services remain the top three recipients or beneficiaries of our charitable giving here in the United States.
We also should recognize some of the tax related consequences of charitable giving. As mentioned before, charitable gifts are an available itemized deduction
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Deduction limits for charitable gifts
IMAGE: The top half of the screen shows a table that lists deduction and AGI limits for public charities and private foundations, for five different types of property. For example, cash to a public charity can offset up to 60% of AGI, versus 30% for a private foundation. Ordinary income property has a limit of 50% for public charities, and 30% for private foundations. Similarly, long-term capital gain property stock gifts are still limited to 30% with public charities, and 20% for private foundations. Similar differences are shown for personal property, for same use and not-same use. On the bottom half of the screen, a table lists planning considerations: how the gift must be completed by year-end, the donor must give up control for the transaction to be complete, the IRS requires documentation from the charity, among others.
for those clients who choose to itemize on their tax return. There are, however, AGI limitations which cap the maximum annual deduction that a donor is able to take in a single calendar year.
The two receiving entities include public charities, which have either a 50% or 30% AGI cap, and private foundations that impose a 30% or 20% cap depending on the type of property given.
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Potential benefits of Donor Advised Funds
IMAGE: A bulleted list includes four benefits. Donor advised funds facilitate bunching of deductions, and contributions are tax deductible in the year they are made. Donor advised funds also avoid capital gains taxes on appreciated securities, and appreciation within a DAF is not taxable.
Donor advised funds are a very effective tool to help our clients give in a more beneficial manner. They allow them to bunch their gifts in a single calendar year for maximum benefit.
Here’s an example. Let’s assume that I give annually to my church an amount of $10,000 per year. Over the next 25 years, that would of course result in $250,000 of aggregate giving.
But instead of writing an undetermined check each and every year without understanding the tax benefits or consequences,
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE –Donor advised funds help facilitate bunching
IMAGE: A list on the right shows four more potential benefits of donor advised funds in addition to those mentioned in the previous screen. DAFs also allow for a contribution to removed from a donor’s taxable estate, and there are low minimums for an initial contribution and for ongoing grants. There are also no wash sale implications. Below the potential benefits, planning considerations are listed. These include AGI limitations, how assets are irrevocabley removed from donor’s resources, how there’s less control over assets, how there’s no income stream, among others. To the left of the information, a cropped video shows John speaking.
maybe I derive a better tax outcome by giving or bunching the maximum amount in a single calendar year, allowing me to exceed the standard deduction and to claim a substantial tax benefit in the year of my completed gift.
This also allows me to contribute appreciated property as opposed to a check, helping me avoid the associated capital gain that would ordinarily come from the liquidation of those securities. The money grows tax free inside the account and is immediately removed from my ownership, thereby reducing my estate tax consequences as well.
And of course, given the convenience of a donor advised fund, I can contribute these dollars or distribute them to a number of intended beneficiaries at my convenience.
So how can financial advisors continue to advise their clients in this very important manner? We’ve assembled a list of questions that may help to facilitate the conversation about not giving away more money, but making our giving more impactful and beneficial.
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Engage in charitable conversations
IMAGE: Three talking points are listed as part of engaging in charitable conversations, and are read by John Nersesian. To the left of the information, a cropped video shows John speaking.
Do you typically claim the itemized deductions on your tax return, or do you claim the standard deduction? Is charitable giving an important part of that equation? Tell me about your charitable giving history. Who do you give to? What motivates you to give? And how do you give to these associate charities?
Looking forward, how do you anticipate your charitable giving endeavors to change? Do you anticipate continuing to give in a similar fashion, or might that evolve over time?
TEXT ON SCREEN: TITLE – Potential benefits of Donor Advised Funds
IMAGE: The screen shows the next three talking points for engaging in charitable conversations, and are read by John Nersesian. To the left of the information, a cropped video shows John speaking.
How has your family been involved in your charitable giving efforts? Have you embraced the opportunity of including your children in your philanthropic efforts to help motivate your children to give back to others and to instill or to share the important values that you have with your children as well?
And then finally, how can I as your financial advisor provide education or guidance around the charitable giving activities that you and your family have embraced?
I hope that you’ve enjoyed this conversation around charitable giving. We encourage you to visit us at pimco.com or to contact your PIMCO account manager for more information on this very important subject.
Text on screen: To learn more visit pimco.com/advisoreducation or speak with your account manager
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