PIMCO’s economic forums are integral to our firm’s time-tested investment process. Three times a year, we gather from all corners of the world to discuss our outlook for the cyclical horizon ‒ i.e., the next six to 12 months. These discussions inform and influence portfolio positioning and day-today management. But PIMCO has long known that an appreciation of long-term, or secular, realities is equally (if not more) important; for that reason, once a year, for more than 30 years, we have convened a multi-day session to look out over a longer, three-to five- year period.

PIMCO’s 2016 Secular Outlook highlights a world that, over the next three to five years, will be stable but not secure. Discussion and debate among our investment professionals, Global Advisory Board and outside speakers at our Secular Forum in May led us to conclude that while we do not see a global economy heading toward recession, we also do not see readily available means to stimulate aggregate demand and drive accelerated growth. The marginal benefits of monetary policy will likely continue to decline, and fiscal policy will likely fail to fill the gaps. This dynamic creates volatility and leaves investors more exposed to shocks ‒ both negative and positive. Protecting future returns therefore requires a nuanced approach.

After our forum, our Group CIO Dan Ivascyn, Global Strategic Advisor Rich Clarida and Global Fixed Income CIO Andrew Balls outlined the key implications and risks for investors globally.

For Asia-Pacific investors, there are unique and specific applications of our outlook, especially in light of local market dynamics and regulatory changes. Here we consider three different Asia-Pacific investor groups and highlight the specific themes and investment strategies that we think will help each group navigate the stable but not secure investment landscape.

Asia-Pacific individual investors

Whether they are retirees in Japan facing negative interest rates, Australians with superfund balances beginning the decumulation phase or Asian high net worth investors transitioning from first-generation family-owned enterprises to diversified portfolios, individual investors face similar challenges. They need to generate sustainable income to support spending ‒ and must do so in an environment where interest rates and risk premiums are low and volatility is high.

We find four of our secular strategies most relevant for individual investors:

  1. Preserve capital
  2. Grind out alpha
  3. Favor bottom-up over beta
  4. Scour the world and diversify

Because central bank policy is becoming increasingly less effective, forward-looking returns are likely to be lower. Moreover, our secular outlook cites several additional left tail events that could increase the potential for capital losses and write-downs ‒ populist shocks like the recent “Brexit” vote and political gridlock are two examples. In this environment, capital preservation is the number-one priority. Indeed, riding a wave of unstable betas ‒ all correlated to central bank policies ‒ is no longer a strategy for success.

Particularly for investors in the decumulation phase of their investment strategies, this is an uncomfortable reality. Low passive returns are likely to be in many cases insufficient for both retirees and high net worth individual investors.

What can individual investors do to boost potential returns?

We believe active management can provide much-needed support. Our income- and credit-oriented strategies focus on scouring the globe for sources of value with the aim of providing stable returns for investors. Our credit portfolio managers, led by CIO Global Credit Mark Kiesel, are laser-focused on picking winners and generating alpha, while also preserving capital. Our income strategies, led by Group CIO Dan Ivascyn, have continued to seek sustainable income for investors through a combination of careful risk management, relative value maximization and bottom-up security selection.

Both our income and credit strategies are designed to achieve meaningful capital appreciation while limiting downside risk. They are potential solutions for individual investors focused on protecting and growing capital without sacrificing income.

Asia-Pacific institutional investors

For large institutional investors ‒ banks, sovereign wealth funds, pension and superannuation plans, foundations and endowments ‒ this environment is no less daunting. High single-digit (let alone double-digit) return targets are unlikely to be achieved through traditional betas, and risks from both the left and right tails are real.

For institutional investors, our secular advice is threefold:

  1. Scour the world and diversify
  2. Aim to benefit from periods of volatility
  3. Provide liquidity when others need it    

Diversification should apply to both asset classes and risk. Multi-asset solutions that are designed to provide diversified sources of return are likely to grow in importance, and because correlations in investment returns tend to increase in left-tail scenarios, investors should also focus on being adequately diversified from a risk perspective. PIMCO’s solutions team in Asia-Pacific can partner with institutional investors to provide asset allocation solutions.

Higher market volatility can create opportunities, and we at PIMCO continue to be opportunistic through careful portfolio construction that aims to identify and purchase undervalued assets. Our goal is to help investors identify these potential opportunities and benefit from periods of volatility through both tactical and strategic allocations. Currently, these opportunities may include alternatives, inflation-oriented strategies or credit strategies.

With respect to providing liquidity, PIMCO’s credit and real estate alternatives strategies have track records across a wide variety of economic conditions. Whether focused on real estate, structural and regulatory opportunities brought about by bank deleveraging, middle-market credit or an evergreen, globally nimble credit relative value approach, these strategies may help boost returns and dampen volatility, while also harvesting illiquidity premiums for our investors.

Asia-Pacific insurance companies

Insurance companies across Asia-Pacific face a challenging market environment as a result of both capital market conditions and regulatory changes. Low interest rates disrupt traditional insurance company asset allocations as it becomes harder to out-earn liabilities. Now, negative interest rates are complicating asset allocation decisions even more. In Japan, for example, life insurance companies with high domestic equity exposures may be forced to unwind these positions further if negative interest rates continue to strengthen the yen and weaken stock prices.

However, market conditions are also creating opportunities. In China, the depreciating currency is creating opportunities for Chinese insurance companies to utilize their offshore quotas to enhance balance sheet returns. And more broadly, for many insurance companies with long-term liabilities, we believe there are opportunities to capture premiums through real estate, infrastructure and other private assets.

For insurance companies, two secular themes are most relevant:

  1. Guard against negative yields
  2. Provide liquidity when others need it    

With respect to negative yields, many insurers have liabilities with longer durations (15-plus years), which is a portion of most yield curves that remains positive in nominal terms, and so insurers with stable asset-liability matching profiles may be less directly affected by negative yields from a liability-management perspective. But they will be challenged by the reduction in available sources of return.

Given the need for more sources of return, we think insurers can potentially benefit from outsourcing certain strategies to active managers through a “satellite portfolio” approach. Satellite portfolios may be allocated to bank capital strategies, buy-and-maintain credit and credit absolute return strategies, which all have the potential to boost returns.

Also, to the extent that regulations and solvency requirements permit, alternatives strategies may be increasingly compelling for insurance companies. This is for two reasons: First, insurers can take advantage of their long investment horizons and potentially earn premiums by providing liquidity to the alternatives markets, and second, alternatives may diminish a portfolio’s sensitivity to volatility.

Looking Ahead

All of these investment strategies are built on the bedrock of our time-tested investment process, strong client service and focus on thought leadership. We look forward to continuing to engage with Asia-Pacific investors to navigate this uncertain macroeconomic environment.

The Author

Eric J. Mogelof

Head of PIMCO Asia-Pacific

Alan Isenberg

Head of Strategy and Business Management, Asia-Pacific



Past performance is not a guarantee or a reliable indicator of future results. Absolute return p ortfolios may not fully participate in strong positive market rallies. Investing in the bond market is subject to risks, including market, interest rate, issuer, credit, inflation risk, and liquidity risk. The value of most bonds and bond strategies are impacted by changes in interest rates. Bonds and bond strategies with longer durations tend to be more sensitive and volatile than those with shorter durations; bond prices generally fall as interest rates rise, and the current low interest rate environment increases this risk. Current reductions in bond counterparty capacity may contribute to decreased market liquidity and increased price volatility. Bond investments may be worth more or less than the original cost when redeemed. Investing in foreign denominated and/or domiciled securities may involve heightened risk due to currency fluctuations, and economic and political risks, which may be enhanced in emerging markets. Mortgage and asset-backed securities may be sensitive to changes in interest rates, subject to early repayment risk, and their value may fluctuate in response to the market’s perception of issuer creditworthiness; while generally supported by some form of government or private guarantee there is no assurance that private guarantors will meet their obligations. High-yield, lower-rated, securities involve greater risk than higher-rated securities; portfolios that invest in them may be subject to greater levels of credit and liquidity risk than portfolios that do not. Equities may decline in value due to both real and perceived general market, economic, and industry conditions. Derivatives may involve certain costs and risks such as liquidity, interest rate, market, credit, management and the risk that a position could not be closed when most advantageous. Investing in derivatives could lose more than the amount invested. Diversification does not ensure against loss. The value of real estate and portfolios that invest in real estate may fluctuate due to: losses from casualty or condemnation, changes in local and general economic conditions, supply and demand, interest rates, property tax rates, regulatory limitations on rents, zoning laws, and operating expenses.

Statements concerning financial market trends or portfolio strategies are based on current market conditions, which will fluctuate. There is no guarantee that these investment strategies will work under all market conditions or are suitable for all investors and each investor should evaluate their ability to invest for the long term, especially during periods of downturn in the market. Outlook and strategies are subject to change without notice.

This material contains the opinions of the authors but not necessarily those of PIMCO and such opinions are subject to change without notice. This material has been distributed for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation of any particular security, strategy or investment product. Information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but not guaranteed. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission. PIMCO is a trademark of Allianz Asset Management of America L.P. in the United States and throughout the world. ©2016, PIMCO.