High yield bonds – defined as corporate bonds rated below BBB− or Baa3 by established credit rating agencies – can play an important role in many portfolios. They typically offer higher coupons than government bonds or high grade corporate bonds (or, corporates) and have the potential for price appreciation in the event of an improvement in the economy, or performance of the issuing company (of course, if these conditions worsen, then prices can also go down). Because the high yield sector generally has a low correlation to other sectors of the fixed income market along with less sensitivity to interest rate risk, an allocation to high yield bonds may provide portfolio diversification benefits. In addition, high yield bond investments have historically offered similar returns to equity markets, but with lower volatility.
An interval fund is a type of closed-end fund that is not listed on an exchange that periodically offers to repurchase a limited percentage of outstanding shares, as defined in its prospectus, from its shareholders. Interval funds can provide investors with access to less liquid investment strategies than open-end funds in an attempt to enhance risk-adjusted returns and can be used as an alternative source of return and/or income.
Originally formed to provide banks with the means to transfer credit exposure, CDS has grown as an active portfolio management tool. The performance of CDS, like that of corporate bonds, is closely related to changes in credit spreads. This makes them an effective tool for hedging risk, and efficiently taking credit exposure.
After government bonds, the corporate bond market is the largest section of the global bond universe. With a vast array of maturities, yields and credit quality available, investing in corporate bonds has the potential to provide higher yields than government bonds and diversification benefits for investors.
Tax risk within the tax-exempt market escalates in a rising rate environment. Buying premium bonds is one way PIMCO seeks to help protect client portfolios from this risk.